Pruning trees stimulates them to produce new growth, is intended for. Or there are branches that can become a danger in the winter. Most experts say that nothing should be pruned in the fall. The choice is up to you.
For some reason, many people believe that pruning trees in autumn is the perfect time of year, especially when there are four seasons present. Glossy leaves begin to fall, and some large branches look a little doubtful. But that assumption could damage your precious trees or even kill them, even mature trees. Any major pruning you are considering doing in late winter or early spring, when the wound will heal faster.
However, there is an exception to the general rule about pruning during the fall. You can prune any dead, sick or damaged wood, including anything on the property (such as a large branch on the roof) that could be dangerous to you or your home. When trees and shrubs can be pruned, now that we understand how a tree grows, it should help us understand that pruning needs to be done better in a fast-growing season so that the tree can quickly compartmentalize the wound. For most trees, that period is late winter or early.
That said, does that mean we shouldn't prune in the fall? Autumn pruning is best focused on removing dead, dying, broken or dangerous limbs. In fact, this maintenance pruning can be done at any time of the year, since the safety of the property and people is always the main concern. What it does mean is that it is best to perform a major corrective pruning to help maintain the overall health of the tree during the dormant winter season or early spring. During the winter, all potentially harmful pests of the tree remain dormant.
When spring arrives, the tree grows rapidly to help seal the wound and protect itself from damage. Pruning trees at the right time is crucial to keeping them healthy. During the fall, the internal systems of the tree begin to slow down, as it prepares to remain inactive (similar to hibernation in animals). Getting into a dormant state helps the tree survive the cold, frost and ice of winter.
As the weather cools down, water from tree tissue begins to turn into starch, which insulates cellular tissue from freezing damage. During this dormant period, trees can heal pruning wounds before spring stressors, such as disease and insects, arrive. Do not cut leaves and buds. Autumn pruning can remove leaves and flower buds that a tree has already set during summer growth.
These buds remain dormant during the winter months and bloom the following spring. If you remove these dormant buds, you run the risk of losing spring flowers and the plant is forced to use more energy to produce replacement buds for foliage. For example, rhododendrons and conifers are best pruned in late summer, before they cover the buds for next year. The exception is severely damaged, diseased or dead wood.
Those dilapidated branches can and should be removed at any time. But the removal of healthy branches should only be carried out in the middle of winter, the dormant period, when the tree is essentially asleep, or in the spring, when the tree has just started to actively grow again and a new growth is being formed naturally. Having an ISA-certified arborist examine your trees before pruning them is crucial to ensuring proper care. Allowing the tree to form rolled wood and to cut itself leads to increased tree vigor and faster recovery.
Despite the fact that a sleeping tree can better withstand these harmful types of pruning, the overall health of the tree can be irreparably harmed. Trees are preparing for dormancy back then, and all the good things are being removed from their leaves for storage, says Tchukki Andersen, staff arborist at Tree Care Industry Association (TCIA) in Manchester, N.C. However, when there is a risk of certain diseases, such as oak wilting, painting the wounds of tree pruning is an important protective measure. The tree will have already used its energy to start a new growth, and it will not be able to recover from pruning as well or as quickly.
She emphasizes that qualified tree care specialists are pruning trees every day throughout the year without many detrimental effects. Winter is the dormant season for plants and trees in northeastern Ohio and is an excellent time to prune most trees and shrubs. Pruning trees at the right time in the fall or winter cannot compensate for the damage caused by excessive pruning, lion's tail or hedging. Save tree care pruning when the tree is actively growing in early spring or completely dormant in the winter months.
Once a tree develops an injury, whether caused by pruning, cutting, or illness, the lesion is sealed by the tree. While it is generally best to prune all trees in autumn and winter, it is important to consider the particular problems of a given species. Trees that receive the right amount of pruning when young will need less excessive pruning as they grow. However, because some trees can ooze sap when pruned in winter, it is better to wait until summer to prune maple, birch, dogwood, walnut and elm trees.